AskDefine | Define microamp

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Alternative spellings

Etymology

From micro + ampere

Noun

  1. One millionth ( 10-6 ) of an ampere, abbreviated as µA.

Extensive Definition

The ampere, in practice often shortened to amp, (symbol: A) is a unit of electric current, or amount of electric charge per second. The ampere is an SI base unit, and is named after André-Marie Ampère, one of the main discoverers of electromagnetism.

Definition

One ampere is defined to be the constant current which will produce a force of 2×10–7 newton per metre of length between two straight, parallel conductors of infinite length and negligible circular cross section placed one metre apart in a vacuum. For a description of this force law, see Serway. See also Ampère's force law. The ampere is a base unit, along with the metre, kelvin, second, mole, candela and the kilogram: it is defined without reference to the quantity of electric charge.
The S.I. unit of charge, the coulomb, is defined to be the quantity of charge displaced by a one ampere per second. Conversely, an ampere is one coulomb of charge going past a given point in the duration of one second; that is, in general, charge Q is determined by steady current I flowing per unit time t as:
Q=It \!\

Realization

The ampere is most accurately realized using a watt balance, but is in practice maintained via Ohm's Law from the units of EMF and resistance, the volt and the ohm, since the latter two can be tied to physical phenomena that are relatively easy to reproduce, the Josephson junction and the quantum Hall effect, respectively. The official realization of a standard ampere is discussed in NIST Special publication 330 Barry N Taylor (editor) Appendix 2, p. 56.

Proposed future definition

Since a coulomb is approximately equal to 6.24150948×1018 elementary charges, one ampere is approximately equivalent to 6.24150948×1018 elementary charges, such as electrons, moving past a boundary in one second.
As with other SI base units, there have been proposals to redefine the kilogram in such a way as to define some presently measured physical constants to fixed values. One proposed definition of the kilogram is:
The kilogram is the mass which would be accelerated at precisely 2×10-7 m/s2 if subjected to the per metre force between two straight parallel conductors of infinite length, of negligible circular cross section, placed 1 metre apart in vacuum, through which flow a constant current of exactly 6 241 509 479 607 717 888 elementary charges per second. This redefinition of the kilogram has the effect of fixing the elementary charge to be e = 1.60217653 C and would result in a functionally equivalent definition for the coulomb as being the sum of exactly 6 241 509 479 607 717 888 elementary charges and the ampere as being the electrical current of exactly 6 241 509 479 607 717 888 elementary charges per second. This is consistent with the current 2002 CODATA value for the elementary charge which is 1.60217653×10-19 ± 0.00000014×10-19 C.

CIPM recommendation

International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM) Recommendation 1 (CI-2005): Preparative steps towards new definitions of the kilogram, the ampere, the kelvin and the mole in terms of fundamental constants
The International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM),
  • approve in principle the preparation of new definitions and mises en pratique of the kilogram, the ampere and the kelvin so that if the results of experimental measurements over the next few years are indeed acceptable, all having been agreed with the various Consultative Committees and other relevant bodies, the CIPM can prepare proposals to be put to Member States of the Metre Convention in time for possible adoption by the 24th CGPM in 2011;
  • give consideration to the possibility of redefining, at the same time, the mole in terms of a fixed value of the Avogadro constant;
  • prepare a Draft Resolution that may be put to the 23rd CGPM in 2007 to alert Member States to these activities;

References

microamp in Arabic: أمبير
microamp in Asturian: Amperiu
microamp in Belarusian: Ампер
microamp in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa): Ампэр
microamp in Bengali: অ্যাম্পিয়ার
microamp in Bosnian: Amper
microamp in Breton: Amper
microamp in Bulgarian: Ампер
microamp in Catalan: Ampere
microamp in Czech: Ampér
microamp in Danish: Ampere
microamp in German: Ampere
microamp in Estonian: Amper
microamp in Modern Greek (1453-): Αμπέρ (μονάδα μέτρησης)
microamp in Spanish: Amperio
microamp in Esperanto: Ampero
microamp in Basque: Anpere
microamp in Persian: آمپر (یکا)
microamp in French: Ampère (unité)
microamp in Friulian: Ampere
microamp in Irish: Aimpéar
microamp in Galician: Ampere
microamp in Korean: 암페어
microamp in Hindi: एम्पीयर
microamp in Croatian: Amper
microamp in Indonesian: Ampere
microamp in Icelandic: Amper
microamp in Italian: Ampere
microamp in Hebrew: אמפר
microamp in Kazakh: Ампер (өлшем бірлік)
microamp in Swahili (macrolanguage): Ampea
microamp in Kurdish: Ampère
microamp in Latvian: Ampērs
microamp in Luxembourgish: Ampere (Eenheet)
microamp in Lithuanian: Amperas
microamp in Hungarian: Amper
microamp in Marathi: अँपियर
microamp in Malay (macrolanguage): Ampere
microamp in Dutch: Ampère
microamp in Japanese: アンペア
microamp in Norwegian: Ampere
microamp in Norwegian Nynorsk: Ampere
microamp in Low German: Ampere
microamp in Polish: Amper
microamp in Portuguese: Ampère
microamp in Romanian: Amper
microamp in Russian: Ампер
microamp in Albanian: Amperimetri
microamp in Simple English: Ampere
microamp in Slovak: Ampér
microamp in Slovenian: Amper
microamp in Serbian: Ампер
microamp in Serbo-Croatian: Amper
microamp in Finnish: Ampeeri
microamp in Swedish: Ampere
microamp in Thai: แอมแปร์
microamp in Vietnamese: Ampe
microamp in Turkish: Amper
microamp in Ukrainian: Ампер
microamp in Chinese: 安培
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